You're probably acquainted with persimmon trees and their luscious orange fruit if you reside in the Southeast United States. Persimmons are unique trees, particularly in the fall when they turn vibrant red, orange, and yellow. Persimmon seeds are easy to sow, but persimmon trees take a long time to develop, and cultivating them from seed isn't always successful. It's worth a shot, and with patience and perseverance, you could just end up with a persimmon tree.
Growing persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) in the garden is a fun way to try something new. Early travelers to America admired this tree, as did Native Americans who relied on the fruit that hung on the tree far into the winter for sustenance. The tree has a beautiful appearance and is prized for both its wood and fruit.
The bark grows in thick square chunks that look like alligator skin. The wood is used to produce golf club heads, floors, veneers, and billiard cues since it is tough and durable. When permitted to mature, the fruit is sweet and tastes like an apricot. For the home gardener, growing persimmons is a fun and gratifying job. Learn how to plant persimmon trees so you may enjoy these delicious fruits for yourself.
How to Grow
Persimmons may be grown from seeds, cuttings, suckers, or grafts. Young seedlings may be transferred to an orchard when they are one to two years old. Grafted or budded trees, on the other hand, provide the greatest quality. The kind and amount of trees to plant are significant considerations for individuals learning how to cultivate persimmon trees. The fruit of the American persimmon tree is produced by both male and female trees, while the Asian persimmon tree is self-fruiting. Consider the Asian persimmon if you have a tiny garden.
It's not challenging to discover ideal persimmon growth conditions. These trees aren't picky about their soil. However, they like a pH of 6.5 to 7.5. If you want to plant persimmons, choose a sunny location that drains well. Dig a deep hole for persimmons since their taproots are pretty deep. Fill the planting hole with loam and native soil after mixing 8 inches (20 cm) of soil and loam at the bottom. Other than watering, there isn't much persimmon tree upkeep.
Young trees should be well watered until they are established. After that, keep them hydrated anytime there isn't much rain, such as during droughts. If the tree doesn't seem to be prospering, don't fertilize it. Although you may cut the tree to a central leader while it's young, mature persimmons need relatively little trimming as long as they're producing fruit.
Things To Consider
If you're unsure about the drainage in the area where you want to plant, it's definitely worth the effort to test it before you start. Dig a hole 12" wide by 12" deep in the planting area to evaluate soil drainage. Fill the hole halfway with water and drain it. Fill it with water again after it empties, but this time the clock will display how long it takes to drain. The water level in well-drained soil will drop at a pace of around 1 inch per hour.
A rapid pace, such as loose, sandy soil, might indicate that the region is possibly dry. A slower pace implies poor drainage and may signal that you should enhance drainage, plant on a raised mound or bed, or choose plants that are more tolerant of wet or bog conditions. The pH of the soil is a measurement of its alkalinity or acidity, and it ranges from 1 to 14, with 7 being the neutral point.
Any reading below 7 suggests acidic soil, whereas readings over 7 suggest alkaline soil. It's a good idea to test the pH of your soil at the planting location if you're unclear about the pH of your soil or if it's ideal for growing persimmon trees. With a cheap soil pH tester probe, you may rapidly test the pH of your soil.
You may add pelletized limestone to the soil to boost the pH (making it more alkaline). You may use soil sulfur, aluminum sulfate, or chelated iron to reduce the pH (make it more acidic). Increasing acidity and maintaining acid soil conditions may also be accomplished by adding organic compost to the soil or utilizing compost as mulch.
Keep a check on the pot for six to eight weeks, and if the persimmon seed hasn't germinated, refrigerate the whole pot, including the plastic. Persimmon seeds may take a long time to grow, so keep them in the fridge for another three months before trying again.
After the seedling has poked its way through the earth, move it to a sunny, warmer location. Don't rush toward planting the persimmon tree outdoors.
Allow enough time for the seedling to establish a strong stem before planting it outdoors in the spring after warmed weather. It may take many months to raise a persimmon from seed to the point where it's ready to plant outside.