Moringa trees (Moringaceae) are endemic to the Himalayan foothills of India and Bangladesh, and are also known as drumstick trees, horseradish trees, and ben oil trees. Moringa plants have long been valued for their outstanding nutritional and therapeutic properties in their natural environment.
The moringa tree has received the endearing moniker "Miracle Tree" as a result of this. Moringa plants, once established, are low-maintenance and need minimal care, mainly if planted all year outdoors. Fortunately, they adapt nicely to growing in containers. Moringa trees are deciduous trees native to India and Bangladesh that proliferate.
They are drought tolerant once grown and can withstand temperatures as high as 118 degrees Fahrenheit. Moringa plants are native to South Asia’s tropical and subtropical climes, but they adapt well to growing in other parts of the globe as long as they are sheltered from hard frosts. Learn how to cultivate these miraculous trees from the comfort of your own home and get the benefits of moringa all year long!
How to Grow
Moringa seeds have a thick covering of fiber and dry sap that softens with a lot of water. Remove the seeds after 24 hours and dry them with a paper towel. The paper towel aids in the removal of sap from the seed, which is necessary for successful germination. Area the soaked seeds in a dark, warm place in a plastic sandwich bag. The optimum location would be in a cabinet or drawer. The seeds will germinate in three to fourteen days.
Two branches will appear emerging from the seed. Do not add any more water to the seeds at this time. One of the two branches that arise from the seed will end up with some ruffled growth. Because this is a leaf-growing image, it should be exposed to light. The roots of the other branches grow. Plant the seeds approximately 34 inches below the earth’s surface, with the root shoot pointing down. The depth of the planting container should be about 18 inches.
Regularly water the seeds, but not to the point of drowning them. Continue to water the moringa plant and let it in the container for at least eight weeks before transplanting it. At this point, the plant may be vulnerable to pests and diseases, particularly if you have other plants in the area. You may need to exert control over them, most likely by natural means.
You may now transfer your moringa to the garden after the roots have been established (at least eight weeks). By removing the dirt within the container with a fine blade, you may avoid upsetting the highly exposed roots. After that, turn the container upside down to let the plant and dirt fall out. After transplanting, place the plant in the wet hole and water it again. Plants should be spaced at least 8 feet apart.
Things To Consider
Moringa seeds do not need a dormancy period, so they may be planted as soon as they are ready and germinate for up to a year. Germination will be patchy with older seeds. Moringa trees blossom and produce once a year, twice a year in certain areas. A Moringa tree may reach a height of five meters in its first year and produce blooms and fruit.
The tree may grow to be 12 meters tall with a trunk 30 cm broad if left alone; however, it may be trimmed down to one meter from the ground once a year. The tree will swiftly recover and begin to produce leaves and pods that are easily accessible. A tree will produce 400-600 pods each year after three years, while a mature tree may produce up to 1,600 pods each year.
Coppicing to the ground is also an option, and if no primary new growth is chosen and the others are removed, a Moringa bush will result. Use poly bags with a height of around 18cm or 8′′ and a diameter of approximately 12cm or 4-5′′.
The finest option you can make is to plant moringa in your garden. You will never be impacted by shortages with the plant in the garden, and you may even start producing money. Aside from the health, medical, and commercial advantages, the plant will also improve your landscape and outdoor space.
The growing procedure is straightforward, and you'll be taking free moringa supplements in a matter of months. The bags' soil mixture should be mild, with three parts soil to 1 part sand. Plant two or three seeds one to two cm deep in each bag.
Maintain a damp but not too damp environment. Extra seedlings should be removed, leaving one in each bag. When seedlings reach 60-90cm in height, they may be transplanted. Take care to keep the dirt surrounding the seedling's roots.